32. Study Questions Copy

It is contemporary and it is non-Greek (very unusual). It confirms that the battle happened but does not give any details of the battle.

Arrian’s account may be biased upon his own experiences of fighting the Parthians (so he may be familiar with the area). Plutarch is more interested in drawing a contrast between Alexander and Darius. Both accounts are long after the fact and both may be biased. Both give different figures for the numbers of Persians. Plutarch’s are probably too high.

He defeated King Agis of Sparta who had been collaborating with Persia.


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